2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic by UNAIDS

By UNAIDS

"Knowing your epidemic" is key for everybody occupied with the reaction to HIV. broadly illustrated with graphs and charts, this biennial file provides concise yet accomplished summaries of significant concerns within the international AIDS reaction. Annexes offer HIV estimates and knowledge 2001 and 2007, and likewise state development signs.

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F Analysis in Mozambique combined for South, North and Central. g No data received in response to working group process; analyses based on data in South Africa surveillance report. h No data received in response to working group process; analyses based on data reported in Zambia 2005 surveillance report. Analysis based on urban and rural data combined. 3 Number of people living with HIV (millions) S TAT U S O F T H E G L O BA L H I V E P I D E M I C Bahamas, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Côte d’Ivoire, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, Rwanda, Swaziland, the United Republic of Tanzania, and Zimbabwe.

July 2008. 10 CHAPTER 2 Swaziland South Africa Zimbabwe Central African Republic Female Uganda Male Chad Côte d'Ivoire Sierra Leone Rwanda Haiti Guinea Ethiopia Benin Mali DR Congo Niger Dominican Republic Senegal Cambodia India 0 5 10 15 20 25 % HIV prevalence Source: Demographic and Health Surveys and other national population-based surveys with HIV testing. , 2006; Ministry of Health [Uganda] & ORC Macro, 2006; Uganda Bureau of Statistics & Macro International Inc, 2007). 42 Most of the comparatively smaller HIV epidemics in West Africa are stable or are declining—as is the case for Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, and Mali.

G. in South Africa), deaths due to AIDS are seldom documented as such. org/unpp 45 S TAT U S O F T H E G L O BA L H I V E P I D E M I C | 2 0 0 8 R E P O RT O N T H E G L O BA L A I D S E P I D E M I C CHAPTER 2 In countries with high HIV prevalence, life expectancy at birth has fallen, sometimes dramatically. 11 shows, and below 40 years in Zimbabwe (WHO, 2006). Steady gains in life expectancy experienced in East Africa since the early 1950s stalled in the late 1980s, although falling HIV prevalences in some East African countries are expected to lead to an increase in life expectancy in that subregion.

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