Accessing and Sharing the Benefits of the Genomics by Peter W.B. Phillips, Chika B. Onwuekwe

By Peter W.B. Phillips, Chika B. Onwuekwe

This quantity explores the felony, fiscal and political debate over highbrow estate rights for normal wisdom and genetic assets, reading concept and perform of entry and advantages sharing world wide. The booklet investigates present flashpoints — the conflict among Monsanto and Percy Schmeiser over farmers’ rights; disputes over coexistence of genetically converted and natural produce; and possession and keep watch over of human genetic fabrics kept in human gene banks round the world.

Show description

Read or Download Accessing and Sharing the Benefits of the Genomics Revolution PDF

Best ecology books

Toward Climate Justice: Perspectives on the Climate Crisis and Social Change (2nd Edition)

The decision for weather Justice provides a renewed grassroots reaction to the weather concern. This rising stream is rooted in land-based and concrete groups around the globe that experience skilled the main serious affects of worldwide weather adjustments. weather Justice highlights the social justice and human rights dimensions of the situation, utilizing artistic direct motion to press for genuine, systemic adjustments.

an introduction to the chemistry of plant products

This can be a precise replica of a e-book released earlier than 1923. this isn't an OCR'd booklet with unusual characters, brought typographical mistakes, and jumbled phrases. This publication could have occasional imperfections comparable to lacking or blurred pages, terrible photos, errant marks, and so on. that have been both a part of the unique artifact, or have been brought through the scanning approach.

Sediment Dynamics and Pollutant Mobility in Rivers: An Interdisciplinary Approach

This is often the 1st interdisciplinary publication at the mobilization of food and pollution within the water part as a result of hydrodynamic approaches. In its ten chapters, a wide set of useful approach wisdom is gifted, comprising simulation suggestions, laboratory and in-situ reviews at the interplay among organic, chemical and hydrodynamic components in addition to versions, for fixing mixed caliber and volume difficulties of riverine sediments either on neighborhood and and river basin scales.

Extra resources for Accessing and Sharing the Benefits of the Genomics Revolution

Example text

Similarly the description of Morck and Yeung (2001) on what “economists know, suspect and guess about the underlying determinants of the pace of innovators” buttresses this view. 22 The key to invention, they assert, is proactive investment in research and development. 23 Without patent protection, information or ideas that give rise to innovation are susceptible to “free rider” problems (Morck and Yeung, 2001). Free riding has been described as “situations where some individuals (albeit institutions and corporations also) “free ride” on the efforts of other individuals to provide either the good itself or the set of rules (and their monitoring and enforcement)” for sustaining a resource (Becker and Ostrom).

Despite the economic and social implications of biotechnology and associated monocultures, there is no legal support under the current international jurisprudence for the denial of source countries’ proprietary interest in germplasm. The current denial ignores the past and ongoing intellectual input of local farmers in the improvement of seeds and plant life forms occurring within their communities, albeit through non-modern biotechnology (or “scientific”) methods (Kloppenburg, 1988). This non-recognition of property rights of source communities over their plant germplasm and the associated traditional knowledge also has far-reaching economic and social consequences for these societies (Busch, et al,1991).

Thus, “communal property” or “communal resources” simply refers to property or resources jointly owned by a community or family. Land, in most parts of Africa—particularly in agrarian communities—is an example of property that is usually held by communal IDEOLOGY OF THE COMMONS AND PROPERTY RIGHTS 27 ownership (Utuama, 1991). Land related resources, such as cropland or pasture, economic trees, and sacred or spiritual plants are often held jointly in traditional societies, for the mutual benefit of the communal (common) owners.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.46 of 5 – based on 50 votes