By Donna Hubbard McCree PhD MPH RPh, Kenneth Terrill Jones MSW, Ann O'Leary PhD
African americans and HIV/AIDS knowing and Addressing the Epidemic Donna Hubbard McCree, Kenneth T. Jones, and Ann O’Leary, editors in accordance with the facilities for ailment keep an eye on and Prevention, approximately half the a couple of million americans dwelling with HIV/AIDS are African americans, even though they include in basic terms 13 percentage of the united states inhabitants. prevalence between African american citizens is predicted to be nearly eight instances that of eu americans. HIV/AIDS disparities have existed throughout this various staff, and proceed to take a devastating toll. To intrude successfully, public wellbeing and fitness execs needs to comprehend the context during which high-risk habit happens, and feature entry to suitable and present prevention options. African american citizens and HIV/AIDS succeeds on either counts through delivering an research of the ancient, psychosocial, financial, and political matters with regards to HIV transmission within the black group, and providing a wealth of evidence-based and rising interventions (including behavioral interventions, and counseling and checking out ideas) adapted to precise subpopulations. This twin point of view provides readers the widest knowing of those and different key parts together with: • the connection among poverty, discrimination, and different social disparities to HIV. • The evolving reaction of the black church to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. • HIV/AIDS within the context of alternative sexually transmitted infections. • HIV/AIDS prevention innovations in particular focusing on heterosexually lively males, and girls, males who've intercourse with males, injection drug clients, and youngsters. • Prison-based intervention courses. • Structural interventions emphasizing social stipulations. Practitioners, researchers, and graduate scholars in public wellbeing and fitness, ailment prevention, health and wellbeing disparities, and minority overall healthiness will locate African american citizens and HIV/AIDS a prepared resource of necessary history and functional knowledge.
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Additional resources for African Americans and HIV/AIDS: Understanding and Addressing the Epidemic
To ensure consistent data, this chapter presents only HIV/AIDS data from the 33 states that have had confidential, name-based HIV infection surveillance since at least 2001. These 33 states are Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.
Depression, stress, anxiety and pessimism have been shown to be associated with experiences of racial oppression (Bowen-Reid & Harrell, 2002; Moore, 2000; Williams, Neighbors, & Jackson, 2008; Williams & Williams-Morris, 2000) and poverty (House & Williams, 2000; Williams, Yu, Jackson, & Anderson, 1997). Although there are a number of causal pathways through which poverty affects health, it is critical to understand the cyclical nature of these relationships. , not being able to maintain employment due to illness).
M. Teutsch & R. E. ), Principles and practice of public health surveillance (pp. 3–17). New York: Oxford University Press. S. Census Bureau. (2006). Population estimates (specific files; entire data set no longer available). gov/popest/archives/2000s/ vintage_2006/. Chapter 3 Racism, Poverty and HIV/AIDS Among African Americans* Kim M. Williams and Cynthia M. Prather Substantive evidence links racism and poverty to a host of chronic health conditions, adverse mental health outcomes and excess mortality, particularly among African Americans (Brondolo, ver Halen, Pencille, Beatty, & Contrada, 2009; Harrell, Hall, & Taliaferro, 2003; Jones, 2000, 2003; Krieger, 2000, 2005; Krieger, Rowley, Hermann, Avery, & Phillips, 1993; Kwate, Valdimarsdottir, Guevarra, & Vovbjerg, 2003; Mays, Cochran, & Barnes, 2007; Randall, 2006; Williams, 1999; Williams & Williams-Morris, 2000).