By Zachary Alan Selden
Even if US overseas coverage used to be mostly unpopular within the early 2000s, many geographical regions, particularly these bordering Russia and China, increased their protection cooperation with the United States. In Alignment, Alliance, and American Grand process, Zachary Selden notes that the neighborhood strength of those intolerant states steered threatened neighboring states to align with the United States. Gestures of alignment comprise participation in significant joint army routines, involvement in US-led operations, the negotiation of agreements for US army bases, and efforts to hitch a US-led alliance. against this, Brazil can be a emerging neighborhood strength, yet because it is a democratic nation, its buddies haven't sought larger alliance with the United States.
Amid demands retrenchment or restraint, Selden makes the case coverage excited by preserving American army preeminence and the tested willingness to exploit strength will be what sustains the cooperation of second-tier states, which in flip support to take care of US hegemony at a workable price.
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Additional info for Alignment, Alliance, and American Grand Strategy
There is no certainty that the order that would come with the rise to regional predominance of illiberal states such as Russia and China would be nearly as beneficial to the broad interests of secondary states. Rather, the evidence of China’s actions in the South China Sea and Russia’s actions in the area it deems its “near abroad” indicates that it would be quite the opposite. The focus on the domestic character of the regional powers is critical to the practical and theoretical implications of this work.
States may choose to increase their power through military or nonmilitary means (positive balancing) or seek to decrease other states’ power through military or nonmilitary means (negative balancing). 38 More significantly, second-tier states may have a range of reasons for engaging in security cooperation with the United States rather than balancing against it, softly or otherwise. 39 This latter interpretation appears to be supported by the fact that a large number of states strengthened their security cooperation with the United States and increased their ability to facilitate the global reach of the US military.
Most of those states participate in some major annual military exercises with the United States, and two of them (PANAMAX and Fuerzas Comandos) began in 2003. This would indicate that at some level, security cooperation with the United States increased moderately in the 2000s. But unlike exercises in Asia or Europe, which rarely include China or Russia, most of the major exercises in Latin America are conducted with Brazil as one of the larger participants. ) In addition, Brazil hosts an air combat exercise (CRUZEX) that always involves Chile and Argentina, with occasional participation by other regional air forces and the United States.